How to Learn Swift Programming: The Complete Guide
How to Learn Swift Programming: The Complete Guide

Are you aspiring to create your own iOS or Mac app? If so, one programming language stands out as indispensable: Swift. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the best strategies for learning Swift online. Additionally, we’ll provide you with invaluable tips to assist you on your journey to mastering Swift programming.

Understanding Swift

What Is Swift?

Swift is a powerful programming language developed by Apple in 2014. It serves as the backbone for creating applications for various Apple devices, including Macs, iPhones, Apple Watches, and iPads. In fact, many popular apps such as Spotify, Instagram, and YouTube rely on Swift to drive their iOS applications.

Why Should You Learn Swift?

1. Swift Is Easy to Learn

Swift was specifically designed to be user-friendly and efficient. Its straightforward and expressive syntax makes it accessible even to individuals with no prior coding experience. Apple has positioned Swift as an ideal choice for beginners, emphasizing its ease of learning.

2. High Demand for Swift Developers

Apple’s ecosystem has generated over 2 million jobs in the United States alone, with a significant portion attributed to the App Store. Employers actively seek Swift developers to create applications for Apple devices, resulting in a strong job market for Swift programmers. Glassdoor lists over 3,400 open positions in iOS development across the U.S., indicating a high demand for Swift skills.

3. Swift Is the Future of iOS

Swift, despite its relatively recent release, has swiftly (pun intended) become one of the world’s most sought-after programming languages. The TIOBE Index ranks it as the 12th most searched-for programming language, highlighting its popularity and prominence in the development community.

What Is Swift Used For?

Swift serves as the primary programming language for developing applications on Apple devices. It represents a modern alternative to the previously used C-based languages in Apple development. Today, most applications on the Apple App Store are built using Swift, as it is the recommended language for Apple development.

Is Swift Hard to Learn?

Learning Swift is not challenging, provided you allocate sufficient time and utilize appropriate resources. Apple offers detailed tutorials on Swift coding through its website and Swift documentation, making resources readily available for beginners.

Swift boasts a clear and expressive syntax, designed for easy readability and comprehension. Once you grasp the basics, reading Swift code should pose no significant difficulty.

How Long Does It Take to Learn Swift?

The duration required to acquire a foundational understanding of Swift typically ranges from one to two months, assuming you dedicate approximately one hour daily to study. For those studying part-time or full-time, mastery of Swift’s fundamentals can be achieved in a shorter timeframe.

You can embark on your first Swift application development relatively quickly, thanks to the abundance of tutorials available. To progress to building applications independently, a few months of practice are necessary. However, if you aim to become a professional iOS or Apple device developer, be prepared for a more extended journey. It may take six months to a year to develop the expertise required for professional Swift development. Nevertheless, learning Swift is an ongoing process due to its continuous updates and the plethora of available frameworks.

How to Learn Swift Programming

Building Your Skills

Before pursuing a career as a Swift developer, mastering the basics of the Swift programming language is essential. Fortunately, numerous learning resources cater to beginners. Begin by downloading Xcode, Apple’s software for app development, and explore Apple’s Swift documentation, which offers an array of guides for Swift beginners.

Let’s break down the core topics you should focus on when starting your Swift journey:

Syntax and Variables

  • Creating a Swift program
  • Output to the console
  • Writing comments
  • Variable declaration
  • Arithmetic operators
  • Variable data types
  • Constants

Conditionals and Loops

  • if and else statements
  • else if statements
  • Ternary operators
  • switch and where statements
  • For-in loop
  • while loop
  • break and continue statements

Arrays and Dictionaries

  • Creating an array
  • Array indexing
  • Adding and removing items from an array
  • Creating a dictionary
  • Adding and removing elements from a dictionary
  • Inspecting a dictionary
  • Accessing dictionary values


  • Defining and calling functions
  • Returning values from functions
  • Parameters and arguments
  • Default and in-out parameters
  • Returning multiple values

Classes and Structures

  • Understanding classes
  • Creating and instantiating classes
  • Class inheritance and method overriding
  • Structures in Swift
  • Creating structure instances
  • Structure and mutating methods

Once you grasp these fundamentals, you’ll be well-prepared to explore advanced Swift concepts and frameworks, such as SwiftUI, for building more complex user interfaces.

Resources to Learn Swift for Free

There is a wealth of resources available to help you learn Swift, catering to various learning styles. Whether you prefer video tutorials, guides, mentorship, or self-paced learning, there’s something for everyone. Here are some valuable resources for learning Swift:

Online Swift Courses

  • Learn Swift by Codecademy
  • Developing iOS 10 Apps with Swift by Stanford University
  • iOS Development in Swift by Plymouth University
  • Udacity: Swift for Beginners

Swift Tutorials

  • Best Swift Tutorials for Beginners
  • SwiftUI Tutorials – Apple Developer
  • iOS 12 Swift 4.2 – The Complete iOS Development with Swift Bootcamp – Udemy
  • Swift Tutorial Full Course for Beginners – freeCodeCamp
  • Swift Fundamentals – Pluralsight

Best Advanced Swift Tutorials

  • AppSync Setup with Amplify – Ray Wenderlich
  • iOS App Development with Swift Specialization – Coursera
  • Debugging UIKit Views with Reveal
  • Learning Functional Programming with Swift – LinkedIn
  • SwiftUI by Tutorials (First Edition): Declarative App Development on the Apple Ecosystem – Ray Wenderlich Tutorial Team

Best Free Swift Tutorials

  • Swift Tutorial – Tutorialspoint
  • Swift Programming Tutorial for Beginners – CodeWithChris
  • Free Swift and iOS Tutorials – Hacking with Swift
  • Learn Swift Fast (2020) Full Course For Beginners – Code With Chris
  • Swift: Build Your First App (2021) – iOS Academy
  • Apple Swift Playgrounds
  • Apple Developer Resources

Attend Coding Bootcamp

Consider enrolling in coding bootcamps that offer Swift courses, such as DevMountain and General Assembly. These bootcamps provide hands-on training and help you build a portfolio showcasing your skills.

Learn by Doing

After mastering the fundamentals, embark on a project that applies your newly acquired skills. Whether it’s creating a to-do list app, a habit tracker, a podcast sharing app, or any other project that piques your interest, hands-on practice reinforces your learning.

Join a Developer Community

Programming can be a solitary endeavor, and joining a developer community can provide invaluable support and collaboration opportunities. Consider participating in communities like r/iOSProgramming, Apple Developer Forums,, and StackOverflow to connect with fellow developers, seek assistance, and contribute to discussions.

The Best Way to Learn Swift for Free

The key to becoming a proficient coder is practice. The more you practice, the better you become. Therefore, make coding a regular part of your routine. Start with a few hours per week and gradually increase your coding time. Practicing consistently enhances your familiarity with Swift syntax and best practices, while also allowing you to build a reservoir of programming knowledge.

Practice Suggestions to Learn Swift Programming

Here are practical suggestions for honing your Swift skills:

  • Follow online tutorials and immersive workshops.
  • Undertake coding challenges on platforms like Codewars, CodeChef, TopCoder, and Coderbyte.
  • Build and work on personal projects to apply your skills.
  • Join open-source projects or collaborate with fellow learners.
  • Contribute to coding forums and help others with their programming challenges.

By following these steps, you’ll be on a rewarding path to mastering Swift programming and unlocking a world of creative possibilities.


Learning Swift is a rewarding journey that opens doors to app development for Apple’s diverse range of devices. With a strong demand for Swift developers and the language’s growing popularity, investing time and effort into mastering Swift is a wise choice.

In summary, follow these five main steps to learn Swift effectively:

  1. Find quality learning resources that match your learning style.
  2. Master the fundamental concepts of Swift.
  3. Build practical projects to apply your knowledge.
  4. Join developer communities for support and collaboration.
  5. Practice regularly and consistently to reinforce your skills.

As you progress, remember that continuous learning and practice are key to becoming a proficient Swift programmer. Your dedication will pay off as you gain the ability to turn your creative ideas into functional applications.

Post On September 29, 2023 | By Geneva Obrien

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