Vue vs Svelte
Vue vs Svelte

Exploring Svelte: A Revolutionary Approach to Web Development


Svelte, the latest JavaScript framework, has taken the web development world by storm, touted for its exceptional speed. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the core concepts of Svelte, comparing its unique approach with other popular frameworks like Vue. Understanding Svelte’s compiler-oriented structure is crucial to unraveling its impressive performance.

Svelte: A Compiler, Not a Framework

At its essence, Svelte stands apart by being a compiler rather than a traditional framework. Unlike frameworks such as Vue, Svelte’s code isn’t genuine JavaScript; instead, it undergoes compilation to generate production-ready JavaScript. This distinction becomes clearer when we compare Svelte’s methodology with a familiar framework like Vue.

Sample Apps Comparison

Before delving into the technicalities, let’s compare two sample apps—one built with Vue and the other with Svelte. Both apps exhibit identical features, allowing users to enter their names, display the full name, and reset the input fields. This sets the stage for a detailed examination of the underlying code structures.

Vue App Structure

The Vue app’s main code resides in the App.vue file. This file showcases Vue’s declarative and clear syntax, emphasizing the use of templates, computed properties, and methods.

<!-- /my-vue-app/src/App.vue -->
<!-- ... HTML template code ... -->
export default {
data() {
return {
firstName: ,
computed: {
fullName() {
return this.firstName + ‘ ‘ + this.lastName
methods: {
reset() {
this.firstName =
this.lastName =

Svelte App Structure

On the other hand, the Svelte app’s main code is housed in the App.svelte file. Notably more concise, the Svelte code employs a different syntax, showcasing its unique characteristics.

<!-- /my-svelte-app/src/App.svelte -->
let firstName = '';
let lastName = '';
$: fullName = firstName + ‘ ‘ + lastName;

function reset() {
firstName = ;
lastName = ;

<!– … HTML template code … –>

Svelte 101: Unveiling the Syntax

Reactive Variables in Svelte

One distinctive feature of Svelte is the absence of special API functions to create reactive variables. Unlike Vue or React, Svelte allows the creation of reactive variables without explicit declarations, making the code look akin to regular JavaScript variables.

// /my-svelte-app/src/App.svelte
let firstName = '';
let lastName = '';

Computed Values in Svelte

Svelte utilizes the dollar sign ($) to create computed values. In the example below, the $: fullName syntax signifies the creation of a computed variable that reacts to changes in firstName and lastName.

// /my-svelte-app/src/App.svelte
$: fullName = firstName + ' ' + lastName;

Compiled Reactivity: Behind the Scenes

As a compiler-driven framework, Svelte’s reactivity is achieved through a series of internal functions and operations. The compiled code reveals the usage of the $$invalidate function to mark variables as “dirty” and trigger updates. The runtime JavaScript code illustrates how Svelte efficiently handles reactive behavior through its unique approach.

Vue’s Runtime Reactivity

In contrast to Svelte’s compilation strategy, Vue relies on a runtime reactivity engine. Vue’s implementation involves dedicated objects, handlers, and a virtual DOM diffing algorithm to efficiently manage reactivity. While Vue achieves impressive performance, Svelte’s compilation-oriented approach sets it apart in terms of speed.

Performance Benchmarking

To contextualize the performance discussion, it’s essential to examine benchmarks comparing frameworks. Svelte’s exceptional speed becomes evident in scenarios involving a large number of interconnected reactive values. However, for typical web projects, Vue and React provide satisfactory performance.

The Bottom Line: Choosing the Right Framework

The choice between Svelte, Vue, or other frameworks ultimately depends on project requirements and developer preferences. Svelte’s speed is remarkable, but it comes with the caveat of requiring a compilation step. Vue and React, being runtime-based frameworks, offer more flexibility in setting up development environments.

Considerations for Svelte Development

While Svelte’s performance benefits are undeniable, developers should be aware of its unique characteristics. Svelte code, although resembling JavaScript, must undergo compilation before execution. This distinction becomes relevant in scenarios where strict mode or limited development environments pose constraints.

Looking Forward: Evolution of Frontend Frameworks

Svelte’s success has sparked discussions about the future of front-end frameworks. While its compiler-oriented approach brings efficiency, there’s room for exploration in other frameworks. Vue, for instance, could potentially evolve to offer a compiler version, combining the familiarity of Vue code with raw performance.


In the dynamic landscape of web development, Svelte stands out as a revolutionary force, challenging traditional frameworks with its compiler-centric approach. While its speed and performance advantages are evident, developers must weigh the trade-offs and consider factors such as ease of use and flexibility. The future holds exciting possibilities for the evolution of frontend frameworks, and Svelte’s influence is sure to contribute to this ongoing transformation.

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